Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture organized an investigation of farmer planting intentions. It is estimated that the main crop planting structure this year will show a trend of "increasing two by two, decreasing steadily". That is, the area of food and vegetables will increase, the area of oil and sugar will be basically stable, and the cotton area will continue to decrease.
The grain planting area throughout the year increased steadily and the vegetable area continued to expand. This year, the central authorities further consolidated and perfected the policy of benefiting agriculture and benefiting rich peasants, released a strong signal of grasping grain and grasping agriculture, announced the minimum purchase price of wheat and paddy as early as possible, stabilized farmers 'income forecast for grain planting and effectively mobilized peasants' enthusiasm for planting grain. Huanghuaihai area to reduce cotton, Hubei and Hunan to promote the rice "single change double", the southwestern region to develop intercropping, is expected to maintain a steady growth in the national grain acreage situation, the intention of acreage increased 0.3% over the previous year. Due to the development and utilization of winter fallow fields in the southern region and the improvement of the multiple cropping index and the vigorous development of facilities and vegetables in the northern region, the area planted with vegetable intentions this year is expected to increase by 1.87% over the previous year.
Oil, sugar area is basically stable, cotton area continues to decrease. As the southwestern region continues to press wheat oil, Hunan and Hubei develop winter fallow fields planted rapeseed oil plantings is expected to increase this year than the previous year 0.23%. It is estimated that the area intended for sugaring sugar this year will increase 1.16% over the previous year. In addition, due to lower cotton planting efficiency, cotton planting intentions continued to decline, it is expected this year, the cotton acreage planted area decreased 7.0% over the previous year.
At present, the field management of spring pipe and spring plowing has been carried out from south to north in a comprehensive manner. The production situation of summer grain is generally good, but it still faces the risk of multiple disasters such as spring drought, pests and diseases and dry hot air. The Ministry of Agriculture has demanded that the agricultural departments at all levels should regard spring plowing as their most urgent task in the spring and promptly implement the policies the central authorities have promulgated so as to mobilize the enthusiasm of grassroots units and peasants in their spring planting and ensure the stable grain area. According to local conditions, we will popularize technologies for disaster prevention and increase production such as wheat "one spray and three defenses", drought resistance "seeding water", plastic film mulching and rice seedling cultivation. We will give full play to the role of agricultural machinery and speed up sowing progress to improve the quality of spring sowing and ensure the whole plantation. Organize grassroots cadres, experts and agricultural technicians into households in villages and earnestly carry out publicity, training and guidance services to promote steady production and increase production of various technical measures for disaster prevention and mitigation. We will further strengthen the supply of agricultural materials and market supervision, carry out special rectification actions aimed at cracking down agricultural resources, purify the agricultural capital market and allow farmers to spend their money safely and ensure the smooth progress of spring plowing.